Biology Mnemonics To Know For the DAT and OAT

Mnemonics are a great tool to memorizing large amounts of information quickly. Here are a couple I used to answer some questions on the DAT and OAT:

Cell Division / Cell Biology

Cell Replication Phases = I Pee on a MAT

  • I = Interphase
    P = Prophase
    M = Metaphase
    A = Anaphase
    T = Telophase

Metaphase = “M” = Middle

  • All chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell at the metaphase Plate

Anaphase = “A” = Apart

  • Sister chromatids are pulled Apart

Pyrimidines = CUT the PYE (pyrimidine)

  • C = Cytosine
    U = Uracil
    T = Thymine

Purines = Pure (purine) Silver (Ag)

  • A = Adenine
    G = Guanine

Ion Movement Across a Membrane = Salted Bananas

  • 3 Sodium ions (“salt”) flow out of the cell and 2 Potassium ions (“bananas”) into the cell

Central Dogma = Roast Turkey Later

  • R = Replication
    T = Transcription
    L = transLation

Anatomy & Physiology

Sequence of the Small Intestine = The small intestine “Don’t Just Injest”

  • D = Duodenum
    J = Jejunum
    I = Ileum

COPS = Four Types of Myelinated Cells in the Nervous System

  • Central NS: Oligodendrocytes
    Peripheral NS: Schwann Cells

Epidermis Layers = Come Lets Get Sun Burned

  • C = Corneum
    L = Lucidum
    G = Granulosum
    S = Spinosum
    B = Basal

Liver Functions = PUSH DoG

  • P = Protein synthesis
    U = Urea synethesis
    S = Storage
    H = Hormone synthesis
    D = DetOxification
    G = Glucose and fat metabolism

Afferent vs. Efferent Neurons = SAME DAVE

  • S, A= Sensory, Afferent
    M, E = Motor, Efferent
    D, A = Dorsal, Afferent
    V, E = Ventral, Efferent

FLAT PEG = Hormones secreted by the Anterior Pituitary

  • F = Follicle stimulating hormone
    L = Luteinizing hormone
    A = ACTH
    T = Thyroid stimulating hormone
    P = Prolactin
    E = Endorphins
    G = Growth hormone

Calcitonin/Parathyroid Differentiation

  • CalciTONin = “Tone it down” = Decrease in blood calcium
    Parathyroid is the opposite

Taxonomy

Four Chordate Features = Do Not Pinch People

  • D = Dorsal hollow nerve cord
    N = Notochord
    P = Pharyngeal gill slits
    P = muscular Post-anal tail

King Phillip Came Over From Great Spain (or King Phillip Came Over For Great Soup)

  • K = Kingdom
    P = Phylum
    C = Class
    O = Order
    F = Family
    G = Genus
    S = Species

Phylogeny

Animal Kingdom Phylums = How to remember which are acoelomates, pseudocoelomates, and coelomates = Privileged Children Play Nicely and Maturely Always Ensuring Cooperation

  • P = Porifera
    C = Cnidarian
    P = Platyhelminthes
    N = Nematoda
    A = Annelida
    M = Mollusca
    A = Arthropoda
    E = Echinodermata
    C = Chordates
    * Rotifers are pseudocoelomates (not included in this mnemonic)

Immunology

Order of White Blood Cell Abundance in Blood = Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas

  • N = Neutrophils (most abundant)
    L = Lymphocytes
    M = Monocytes
    E = Eosinophils
    B = Basophils (least abundant)

Evolution

Hardy-Weinberg Requirements = Large Random M&M

  • L = Large population
    R = Random mating
    M = no Mutation
    N = no Natural selection
    M = no Migration

Biology Lab Techniques

Southern Northern and Western Blot = SNOW DROP

  • S = Southern blot = D = DNA detection
    N = Northern blot = R = RNA detection
    O = –
    W = Western blot = P = Protein detection

Ari Rezaei

My name is Ari Rezaei and I’m a dental graduate from Columbia. My team and I built Bootcamp.com to provide challenging prep material to get you ready to conquer your classes and exams.